Commentary: The first line of defense against a small fire is often a portable fire extinguisher typically placed in halls, corridors, large rooms and kitchens in the work area. Understanding the basics of proper steps to take to extinguish a fire is essential. One should always remember that if a fire is noted to sound the alarm, have someone call 911, and evaluate the severity of the fire before taking action to put it out with a portable fire extinguisher. Dennis Hilton, For The Company Safety Council
General: Under some circumstances, employees may be called upon to fight small fires. If this is the case, there are special procedures to follow to ensure such situations are handled in the safest manner possible. Let’s take a few minutes and review some fire extinguisher basics.
1. What are two important things to know before using a fire extinguisher?
2. What then are the different classes of fire?
3. True or false? Using the wrong extinguisher may actually make a fire
The answer is true.
4. What is the “PASS” system of early-stage firefighting?
P: Pull the pin on the extinguisher.
A: Aim at the base of the fire.
S: Squeeze the handle.
S: Sweep at the fire, moving from side to side.
These are the most basic steps one should follow for using a fire extinguisher.
Summary: If a fire appears to be too much for you to handle, you should evacuate the site immediately and let emergency personnel take care of the situation. Never endanger yourself or others by trying to contain a fire emergency situation that has escalated.
Commentary: Whether it's dull and achy or sharp and stabbing, pain can make it hard to concentrate on one's job. Workplace pain affects a large segment of our workforce and costs employers billions of dollars each year. The below guidelines is being provided to assist each of you to becoming more knowledgeable in the management and prevention of back pain before you become a statistics. For the Safety Management Committee, Dennis Hilton
General: According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 1 million workers suffer back injuries each year, and back injuries account for one out of every five workplace injuries or illnesses. Today we will review how to perform your job duties without incurring injuries to your back.
1. True or false? Being overweight can contribute to your risk of back injuries?
The answer is true.
2. What are some actions, motions or movements that are likely to contribute to back injuries?
3. What are some rules for proper lifting?
4. When it comes to back pain, what symptoms indicate a problem that should be addressed by a physician?
Summary: The human back is an intricate structure of bones, muscles and other tissue. While the spine is very strong, it is also fragile. When treated poorly, the back can suffer severe injuries, sometimes resulting in paralysis or ever death. Remember when performing your duties to work smarter and safer to help prevent injuries to your back.
General: The proper administration of first-aid can be the difference between life and death in an accident. First-aid is defined as emergency care given to an injured or sick person prior to receiving professional medical care.
1. If a co-worker is injured or sick, what are the first things you should do?
- Make sure the area is safe for your to approach.
- Ask the person if he or she is ok.
- Call 911 and/or alert your manager or supervisor.
- Provide first-aid treatment if possible and necessary.
- Keep the victim calm.
2. True or false? You should always move a victim from the accident scene?
The answer is false.
- If you move an injured person, you could cause more injuries.
- Don’t move an injured person unless absolutely necessary, i.e., the person is in immediate danger where they are till an emergency response team arrives.
3. What do the first-aid acronyms RICE and ABC stand for?
RICE: Term used for taking care of sprains, strains, or bruises. Here are four
things for your consideration.
- Rest: Rest the injured part f your body for 24 hours. You may return to
normal activity after 24 hours of rest if the activity does not cause
- Ice: Apply crushed ice packs for 10-20 minutes every our for the first 4
hours. Then apply ice for 10-20 minutes 4 times a day for the first
- Compression: Apply compression by wrapping the injured part with a snug, elastic bandage for 48 hours. If numbness, tingling or increased pain occurs in the injured part, the bandage may be too tight. Loosen the bandage wrap.
- Elevation: Keep the injured part of the body elevated and at rest for 24 hours. For example, for an injured ankle place the leg up on a pillow and stay off the feet as much as possible.
ABC: When approaching what looks like a seriously injured or unconscious person to administer first-aid, the acronym ABC may be a useful guide as a reminder of first things to do.
- Airway: Check to see if there is a blockage in the throat or has the individual swallowed their tongue. Is the head in a suitable position to allow breathing? Care should be taken not to make anything worse, but the airway must be cleared if it is blocked.
- Breathing: Check to see if the individual can breathe clearly. Once the airway is clear, is there any other problems that is interrupting the breathing process.
- Circulation: Check to see if the individual has a pulse. Is the heart beating? Is the pulse weak/strong/racing?
REMEMBER TO EITHER CALL 911 OR ENSURE SOMEONE ELSE CALLS 911 WHEN THE INDIVIDUAL’S LIFE MAY BE ENDANGER BEFORE ADMINISTERING FIRST-AID.
4. When should you not provide first-aid to an injured or sick person?
- If you will be putting yourself in danger.
- If you have not been properly trained.
- If the injured person is in a confined space and you do not have the proper training and rescue equipment.
- If there has been a major chemical spill (let a HAZMAT team handle this type of accident).
5. Summary: Proper first-aid treatment can be as easy as “ABC” check the airway, check the breathing, and check for circulation. Recognizing a problem and taking an immediate action may be the difference in saving the individual’s life.
General: According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, more workers are killed every year in motor vehicle crashes than any other cause. Today, we are going to review how you can stay safe when behind the wheel – whether for work purposes or during your life outside of the workplace.
1. True or False? Distracted driving is more dangerous than drunk driving.
The answer is true.
- Drunk driving and texting while driving are similar with both causing distractions and impaired driving.
- Drivers who text while behind the wheel have a 23% higher chance of causing a crash than a driver who is drunk.
- Research shows that drivers using cell phones while driving have a slower reaction time than drivers who have a 0.08 blood alcohol level.
2. According to the Department of Transportation, there are three main types of distractions while driving. They are:
- Manual: taking your hands off the steering wheel.
- Visual: taking your eyes off the road.
- Cognitive: taking your mind off driving.
3. True or False? Text messaging is banned for all drivers.
This is a tricky question. The answer is a little true and a little false.
- Text messaging while driving is banned in 41 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Island.
- Even if texting is not banned in your state, it is still a smart idea to avoid texting while driving; whatever the text is, it can probably wait.
- If you simply can’t wait to read or send a text message, pull over to a safe location first before sending y
Texting and talking on a cell phone by a commercial motor vehicle driver is banned by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations when a driver is behind the wheel of his/her vehicle and in motion.
4. What are some ways to ensure that you aren’t driving while distracted?
- Put your cell phone away when you get in your vehicle.
- Put your cell phone on silent when driving.
- Concentrate on the road.
- Don’t ride in a vehicle with someone who is using his/her cell phone to make calls, take calls, send texts, or receive texts.
- Let your family and friends know the importance of not driving while distracts.
5. True or False? It’s safer to use a hands-free device when driving than it is hold a phone to your ear.
The answer is False.
- Many people think it’s safer to use a hands-free device while driving since they are able to keep their hands on the steering wheel.
- However, when using a hands-free device, you are still going to experience some cognitive distractions.
- When you use a cell phone – either a regular hand-held phone or a hands-free device – you are unable to devote all of your attention to driving safely.
Summary: Always remember that safety starts with you. Don’t just think about your safety the next time you get behind the wheel. Your actions can have consequences for yourself and for everyone who shares the road with you. Don’t be distracted by technology when you are in the driver’s seat. Put the phone away and drive safely when you are behind the wheel.