General: The proper administration of first-aid can be the difference between life and death in an accident. First-aid is defined as emergency care given to an injured or sick person prior to receiving professional medical care.
1. If a co-worker is injured or sick, what are the first things you should do?
- Make sure the area is safe for your to approach.
- Ask the person if he or she is ok.
- Call 911 and/or alert your manager or supervisor.
- Provide first-aid treatment if possible and necessary.
- Keep the victim calm.
2. True or false? You should always move a victim from the accident scene?
The answer is false.
- If you move an injured person, you could cause more injuries.
- Don’t move an injured person unless absolutely necessary, i.e., the person is in immediate danger where they are till an emergency response team arrives.
3. What do the first-aid acronyms RICE and ABC stand for?
RICE: Term used for taking care of sprains, strains, or bruises. Here are four
things for your consideration.
- Rest: Rest the injured part f your body for 24 hours. You may return to
normal activity after 24 hours of rest if the activity does not cause
- Ice: Apply crushed ice packs for 10-20 minutes every our for the first 4
hours. Then apply ice for 10-20 minutes 4 times a day for the first
- Compression: Apply compression by wrapping the injured part with a snug, elastic bandage for 48 hours. If numbness, tingling or increased pain occurs in the injured part, the bandage may be too tight. Loosen the bandage wrap.
- Elevation: Keep the injured part of the body elevated and at rest for 24 hours. For example, for an injured ankle place the leg up on a pillow and stay off the feet as much as possible.
ABC: When approaching what looks like a seriously injured or unconscious person to administer first-aid, the acronym ABC may be a useful guide as a reminder of first things to do.
- Airway: Check to see if there is a blockage in the throat or has the individual swallowed their tongue. Is the head in a suitable position to allow breathing? Care should be taken not to make anything worse, but the airway must be cleared if it is blocked.
- Breathing: Check to see if the individual can breathe clearly. Once the airway is clear, is there any other problems that is interrupting the breathing process.
- Circulation: Check to see if the individual has a pulse. Is the heart beating? Is the pulse weak/strong/racing?
REMEMBER TO EITHER CALL 911 OR ENSURE SOMEONE ELSE CALLS 911 WHEN THE INDIVIDUAL’S LIFE MAY BE ENDANGER BEFORE ADMINISTERING FIRST-AID.
4. When should you not provide first-aid to an injured or sick person?
- If you will be putting yourself in danger.
- If you have not been properly trained.
- If the injured person is in a confined space and you do not have the proper training and rescue equipment.
- If there has been a major chemical spill (let a HAZMAT team handle this type of accident).
5. Summary: Proper first-aid treatment can be as easy as “ABC” check the airway, check the breathing, and check for circulation. Recognizing a problem and taking an immediate action may be the difference in saving the individual’s life.