Oratory: Television and newspaper reports have featured almost daily updates on the current outbreak of the Ebola virus disease. During this outbreak in West Africa, the disease has experienced a fatality rate of about 55%. There is not a need to panic at this time, but understanding Ebola, its causes and prevention meaures are important for each of us to understand. If a loved one or someone you know is thought to have contacted the Ebola virus you should contact a medical person immediately. D. Hilton, Corporate Safety Committee
General: Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees. Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a virus of family Filovirdae, genus Ebolavirus. Ebola is found in several African countries. The first Ebola species was discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since this time, Ebola has appeared sporadically in Africa. The root cause of Ebola remains unknown. However, researchers believe that the virus is animal-borne with bats being the most likely source.
How is Ebola Transmitted?
When the infections occurs in humans, there are several ways the virus can be spread to others. These include:
The virus in the blood and body fluids can enter another person’s body through broken skin or unprotected mucous membranes from the eyes, nose or mouth. The viruses that cause Ebola are often spread among families and friends, because they come in close contact with the blood or body fluids when caring for their loved one.
During outbreaks of Ebola, the disease can spread quickly within healthcare settings, such as clinics or hospitals, Exposure to Ebola can occur in healthcare settings where hospital staff are not wearing appropriate protective clothing including masks, gowns, gloves, and eye protection.
Dedicated medical equipment preferably disposable should be used by healthcare personnel providing care for someone infected with Ebola. Proper cleaning and disposal of instruments, such as needles and syringes, is most important.
What are the signs and symptoms?
A person infected with Ebola is not contagious until symptoms appear. The signs and symptoms of Ebola typically include:
Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.
Recovery form Ebola depends on the patient’s immune response. People who recover develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.
What is the risk for Exposure:
Ebola has been found in several African countries. Since 1976, Ebola outbreaks have occurred in the following countries:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
How is Ebola diagnoses?
Diagnosing Ebola in an infected person is difficult because the early symptoms such as fever are not specific to the Ebola infection. Fever is often common with other diseases such as malaria and typhoid fever.
Anyone thought to have the Ebola virus should be isolated from others and public health professionals notified.
How is Ebola treated?
Currently there are not specific vaccines or medicines (antiviral drugs) that have been proven to be effective against Ebola.
The following guidelines when used early can significantly improve the chances for survival:
What can a person do to help prevent contacting the Ebola virus?
Conclusion: The above fact sheet has been provided because of the recent news of the potential outbreak of the Ebola virus in a few instances in the U.S. The important thing to remember about anyone suspected with the Ebola virus is notify your doctor or health official as soon as possible.
Comment: The use of extension cords are the leading cause of electrical fires and can cause injury if used improperly. There are an estimated 3,300 residential fires that originate from improper use of electrical extension cords. More than 300 people are killed and/or injured each year from electrical extension cords. Many of the injuries involve fractures, laceratons, contusions, or sprains caused from tripping over the cords. So keep the below safety features in mind to help make both your office space and home more safe. Dennis Hilton, For The Company Safety Council
General: Electrical extension cords are used in many office buildings and worksites, and should be treated with caution. Many State Divisions of Workers’ Compensation reminds workers that correct use of extension cords is an important component of on-the-job electrical safety.
The following are do’s and don’ts that pertain to ensuring a safe environment wherever an electrical extension cord may be present.
Conclusion: An office space that relies heavily on the use of extension cords may be an indication that there too few outlets to cover your electrical needs. If this is the case, you may want to send a maintenance request to have your electrical needs evaluated for more outlets.
Comment: Eye strain is a common and annoying condition. Eye strain is rarely a serious condition. Common sense precautions at home, work, and when outdoors may help prevent or reduce eye strain. Yet, sometimes there may be underlying conditions resulting in eye strain that may require medical treatment. If you have eye strain and it remains persistent, you may want to visit your eye specialists. Dennis Hilton, For The Company Safety Council
General: Do you ever find yourself rubbing your eyes, blinking repeatedly and looking away from your computer screen? You may be experiencing eye strain. The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) notes that as more and more workers stare at computer screens and monitors all day, side effects from eye strain – including blurred vision, headaches, dry eyes and frequent blinking – are becoming more common.
How Then Can You Prevent Eye Strain?
For most people, eye strain results from focusing too intently on a screen and not blinking enough, according to AOA. To help relieve eye strain, try to blink more or use artificial tears. Other tips AOA recommends to prevent eye strain include:
1. Ensure your working space is properly lit. This may mean closing blinds to prevent glare and avoiding fluorescent lights.
2. To help diminish glare, place an anti-glare screen on your monitor and pain walls dark colors.
3. Take regular rest breaks (every few hours for five minutes) to allow your eyes to relax.
4. Position your monitor 20 to 26 inches away from your eyes.
5. Ask your eye care provider about devices that might help, such as anti-reflective lenses or bifocal lenses.
6. If the text size on your monitor is too small, adjust it until it is big enough to comfortably read. Generally, this means increasing the text size about three times.
7. If you are younger than 40, AOA recommends seeing an eye doctor at least every other year; people 40 and older should make an annual appointment.
8. Not following proper procedure.
9. Not wearing personal protective equipment.
10. Playing around or joking in the workplace.
Conclusion: Usually eye strain can be prevented or reduced by making simple changes in your work habits or environments.
Comment: Each year the flu affects millions of Americans. A typical case of the flu generally resolves itself after three to seven days although a cough and fatigue can persist for more than two weeks. Help protect yourself from the flu this season by either getting a flu shot or take protective steps as identified in the below summary of how flu can be curtailed. Dennis Hilton, Corporate Safety Council
General: The flu can have a significantly negative impact on employee’s productivity. Did you know that approximately 111 million workdays are lost each year to flu-related illnesses? Take a few moments to familiarize yourself with the dangers of the flu and steps you can take to avoid contacting the flu this year.
1. Below are some additional facts pertaining to the flu that you may not are aware.
2. What steps can an employers/individuals do to help minimize the spread of flu:
3. OSHA recommends additional safety precautions for employees:
Summary: Having the flu can be very discomforting and often can lead to more serious health conditions. The best way to prevent the flu is to take the flu shop. If you choose to not take a flu shot, then ensure that you are aware of some of the safe steps that you can employ to protect yourself, your family, and your fellow employee from the flu.
Commentary: When we arrive at work each day we have a predetermined mental image that our office area is safe and we sometimes ignore warning signs that something may be amiss. Our topic today is "Guide To Office Safety" and the focus is on some steps to take to preclude office injuries from occurring. When we come to work we need to keep our awareness on alert to ensure that we do not ignore warning signs that could cause injury to ourselves or a fellow employee. D. Hilton, For the Company Safety Council
General: Compared to an industrial work environment, an office can seem like a safe place to work. However, many serious accidents and injuries occur on a regular basis in offices every day. The solution to a work free environment is to first be able to recognize work danger zones and be prepared to deal with your observations before an injury occurs. Let’s spend a few minutes reviewing some precautions that every office employee should observe while performing their duties.
1. 10 Precautions every office employee should observe while in the work area.
a. Keep alert for office hazards and correct or report them right away.
b. Remove tripping hazards, and clean up spills that can lead to falls and injuries.
c. Be careful on stairs and when using step stools or ladders to prevent falls.
d. Eliminate or report fire hazards anywhere in the office.
e. Know where fire extinguishers are located and how to use them.
f. Know what to do in an emergency, and be prepared to evacuate the building safely.
g. Use the proper technique to lift objects safely and prevent back injuries.
h. Avoid musculoskeletal disorders like carpal tunnel syndrome by using proper posture while working and by stretching and taking breaks to relax tense muscles.
i. Take precautions to prevent objects from falling down from high places and to prevent collisions with drawers, boxes, furniture, or other objects.
j. Keep your workspace neat and orderly, and clean up after yourself and others to prevent accidents and injuries.
Summary: Preventing workplace accidents is something that we can control. It begins with recognizing where there is probability of danger, and then correcting the problem before some becomes a statistic.
Introduction: Prescription drug abuse is a problem in the United States. Every day in the USA approximately 2500 (12 to 17) year old youth abuse a prescription pain reliever for the first time. Prescription drug use can lead to addiction and to even death. Never, never take a prescripton drug that was issued to a family member or a friend. If you are taking a prescription drug(s) if you experience something unusual, contact your doctor or pharmacists ASAP! Dennis Hilton, For The Company Safety Council
General: Prescription drugs are used by many people for a variety of reasons. While these medications can be helpful—even lifesaving for some---they can also pose a serious safety risk when used and/or abused in the workplace. Today we are going to spend a few moments to review the risks of prescription drugs and what you need to know to stay safe when using an approved prescription drug.
1. True or False? Prescription drug abuse is the nation’s fastest-growing drug problem.
The answer is true.
The answer is false.
4. What are some side affects of prescription medications that you should be aware?
Summary: Remember when taking prescription drugs or any form of medications one must be aware of their potential dangers. At the first sign that something unusual may be wrong, contact your doctor or pharmacist for guidance.
Commentary: The first line of defense against a small fire is often a portable fire extinguisher typically placed in halls, corridors, large rooms and kitchens in the work area. Understanding the basics of proper steps to take to extinguish a fire is essential. One should always remember that if a fire is noted to sound the alarm, have someone call 911, and evaluate the severity of the fire before taking action to put it out with a portable fire extinguisher. Dennis Hilton, For The Company Safety Council
General: Under some circumstances, employees may be called upon to fight small fires. If this is the case, there are special procedures to follow to ensure such situations are handled in the safest manner possible. Let’s take a few minutes and review some fire extinguisher basics.
1. What are two important things to know before using a fire extinguisher?
2. What then are the different classes of fire?
3. True or false? Using the wrong extinguisher may actually make a fire
The answer is true.
4. What is the “PASS” system of early-stage firefighting?
P: Pull the pin on the extinguisher.
A: Aim at the base of the fire.
S: Squeeze the handle.
S: Sweep at the fire, moving from side to side.
These are the most basic steps one should follow for using a fire extinguisher.
Summary: If a fire appears to be too much for you to handle, you should evacuate the site immediately and let emergency personnel take care of the situation. Never endanger yourself or others by trying to contain a fire emergency situation that has escalated.
Commentary: Whether it's dull and achy or sharp and stabbing, pain can make it hard to concentrate on one's job. Workplace pain affects a large segment of our workforce and costs employers billions of dollars each year. The below guidelines is being provided to assist each of you to becoming more knowledgeable in the management and prevention of back pain before you become a statistics. For the Safety Management Committee, Dennis Hilton
General: According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 1 million workers suffer back injuries each year, and back injuries account for one out of every five workplace injuries or illnesses. Today we will review how to perform your job duties without incurring injuries to your back.
1. True or false? Being overweight can contribute to your risk of back injuries?
The answer is true.
2. What are some actions, motions or movements that are likely to contribute to back injuries?
3. What are some rules for proper lifting?
4. When it comes to back pain, what symptoms indicate a problem that should be addressed by a physician?
Summary: The human back is an intricate structure of bones, muscles and other tissue. While the spine is very strong, it is also fragile. When treated poorly, the back can suffer severe injuries, sometimes resulting in paralysis or ever death. Remember when performing your duties to work smarter and safer to help prevent injuries to your back.
General: The proper administration of first-aid can be the difference between life and death in an accident. First-aid is defined as emergency care given to an injured or sick person prior to receiving professional medical care.
1. If a co-worker is injured or sick, what are the first things you should do?
- Make sure the area is safe for your to approach.
- Ask the person if he or she is ok.
- Call 911 and/or alert your manager or supervisor.
- Provide first-aid treatment if possible and necessary.
- Keep the victim calm.
2. True or false? You should always move a victim from the accident scene?
The answer is false.
- If you move an injured person, you could cause more injuries.
- Don’t move an injured person unless absolutely necessary, i.e., the person is in immediate danger where they are till an emergency response team arrives.
3. What do the first-aid acronyms RICE and ABC stand for?
RICE: Term used for taking care of sprains, strains, or bruises. Here are four
things for your consideration.
- Rest: Rest the injured part f your body for 24 hours. You may return to
normal activity after 24 hours of rest if the activity does not cause
- Ice: Apply crushed ice packs for 10-20 minutes every our for the first 4
hours. Then apply ice for 10-20 minutes 4 times a day for the first
- Compression: Apply compression by wrapping the injured part with a snug, elastic bandage for 48 hours. If numbness, tingling or increased pain occurs in the injured part, the bandage may be too tight. Loosen the bandage wrap.
- Elevation: Keep the injured part of the body elevated and at rest for 24 hours. For example, for an injured ankle place the leg up on a pillow and stay off the feet as much as possible.
ABC: When approaching what looks like a seriously injured or unconscious person to administer first-aid, the acronym ABC may be a useful guide as a reminder of first things to do.
- Airway: Check to see if there is a blockage in the throat or has the individual swallowed their tongue. Is the head in a suitable position to allow breathing? Care should be taken not to make anything worse, but the airway must be cleared if it is blocked.
- Breathing: Check to see if the individual can breathe clearly. Once the airway is clear, is there any other problems that is interrupting the breathing process.
- Circulation: Check to see if the individual has a pulse. Is the heart beating? Is the pulse weak/strong/racing?
REMEMBER TO EITHER CALL 911 OR ENSURE SOMEONE ELSE CALLS 911 WHEN THE INDIVIDUAL’S LIFE MAY BE ENDANGER BEFORE ADMINISTERING FIRST-AID.
4. When should you not provide first-aid to an injured or sick person?
- If you will be putting yourself in danger.
- If you have not been properly trained.
- If the injured person is in a confined space and you do not have the proper training and rescue equipment.
- If there has been a major chemical spill (let a HAZMAT team handle this type of accident).
5. Summary: Proper first-aid treatment can be as easy as “ABC” check the airway, check the breathing, and check for circulation. Recognizing a problem and taking an immediate action may be the difference in saving the individual’s life.
General: According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, more workers are killed every year in motor vehicle crashes than any other cause. Today, we are going to review how you can stay safe when behind the wheel – whether for work purposes or during your life outside of the workplace.
1. True or False? Distracted driving is more dangerous than drunk driving.
The answer is true.
- Drunk driving and texting while driving are similar with both causing distractions and impaired driving.
- Drivers who text while behind the wheel have a 23% higher chance of causing a crash than a driver who is drunk.
- Research shows that drivers using cell phones while driving have a slower reaction time than drivers who have a 0.08 blood alcohol level.
2. According to the Department of Transportation, there are three main types of distractions while driving. They are:
- Manual: taking your hands off the steering wheel.
- Visual: taking your eyes off the road.
- Cognitive: taking your mind off driving.
3. True or False? Text messaging is banned for all drivers.
This is a tricky question. The answer is a little true and a little false.
- Text messaging while driving is banned in 41 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Island.
- Even if texting is not banned in your state, it is still a smart idea to avoid texting while driving; whatever the text is, it can probably wait.
- If you simply can’t wait to read or send a text message, pull over to a safe location first before sending y
Texting and talking on a cell phone by a commercial motor vehicle driver is banned by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations when a driver is behind the wheel of his/her vehicle and in motion.
4. What are some ways to ensure that you aren’t driving while distracted?
- Put your cell phone away when you get in your vehicle.
- Put your cell phone on silent when driving.
- Concentrate on the road.
- Don’t ride in a vehicle with someone who is using his/her cell phone to make calls, take calls, send texts, or receive texts.
- Let your family and friends know the importance of not driving while distracts.
5. True or False? It’s safer to use a hands-free device when driving than it is hold a phone to your ear.
The answer is False.
- Many people think it’s safer to use a hands-free device while driving since they are able to keep their hands on the steering wheel.
- However, when using a hands-free device, you are still going to experience some cognitive distractions.
- When you use a cell phone – either a regular hand-held phone or a hands-free device – you are unable to devote all of your attention to driving safely.
Summary: Always remember that safety starts with you. Don’t just think about your safety the next time you get behind the wheel. Your actions can have consequences for yourself and for everyone who shares the road with you. Don’t be distracted by technology when you are in the driver’s seat. Put the phone away and drive safely when you are behind the wheel.