Topic Discussion: Sprains and Strains
General: When employees adapt awkward postures to perform their work, the result can be a high number of sprains and strains. Today, we’re going to focus on some simple strategies to prevent these types of injuries .
A major cause of on-the-job injuries in the trucking industry is slips and falls from a tractor or trailer. These injuries can result in twisted ankles, bruised shins, or worse. You can prevent this from happening altogether by following the proper technique for entering and exiting a truck and/or trailer. Let’s review some helpful hints to preclude being injured by a slip, trip or fall.
The answer is False
The answer is True
Summary: Be Proactive to Prevent Pain.
Take some time to think about how you move to perform different job tasks. If something
doesn’t feel right, that is a good indication that you need to shift your position.
General: A major cause of on-the-job injuries in the trucking industry is slips and falls from a tractor or trailer. These injuries can result in twisted ankles, bruised shins, or worse. You can prevent this from happening altogether by following the proper technique for entering and exiting a truck and/or trailer. Let’s review some helpful hints to preclude being injured by a slip, trip or fall.
Causes of slips, trips, and falls:
Let’s take a couple of moments to review slips, trips, and fall in more detail:
Now for some tips on how to avoid slips, trips, and falls:
Summary: The worst thing that a driver can do is to get into a bad habit especially when it involves something you do many times a day. Sooner or later, the law of gravity will catch up to you…and it hurts! It is important to always follow the proper techniques to help prevent slips, trips, and falls from happening. The three-point method of having a least three limbs in contact with the tractor at all times will prevent the majority of slips and falls from a tractor.
Comment: Working outside in cold weather without proper protection can be extremely hazardous to your health and could potentially be fatal. Drivers should always check for the weather conditions along the routes that they will be travelling for the day. Weather conditons can change quickly and lack of preparation
can lead to a diaster. So plan for the worst and let's get through these next few months without any injuries. Wear the proper clothing when outside and use good judgment in accordance with the conditions that you are exposed. If assistance is required call your supervisor or safety immediately.
General: As we begin the transition from fall to winter, it is time to review some cold weather safety tips. Even if your job does not involve working outside in low temperatures, this information will be of help if you have to endure cold weather temperatures.
1. True or false? You cannot die from hypothermia!
The answer is false.
Moderate to severe symptoms associated with hypothermia include:
2. What steps should you take if you think a person is suffering from hypothermia?
3. What is frostbite?
4. How should frostbite be treated?
5. What are some general tips for staying safe in cold conditions?
Summary: Use common sense. Working outside in cold temperatures can be a serious safety hazard. Don’t ignore symptoms that may indicate medical assistance when necessary. Call your supervisor or safety in the event that you need medical treatment.
Comment: During 1999 - 2010 there were a total of 5,149 deaths from unintentional carbon monoxide
poisoning that occurred in the United States. This is an average of 430 deaths per year. Carbon
monoxide is known also as CO and is frequently referred to as the "Silent Killer". Drivers who depend
upon their tractor as their home away from home must be familar with the signs and symptoms of
carbon monoxide exposure. If you have any questions, please give me a call.
VP Safety & Compliance
General: Carbon monoxide (CO) is a poisonous, colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. Although it has no detectable odor, CO is often mixed with other gases that do have an odor. So you can inhale carbon monoxide right along with gases that you can smell and not even know that CO is present. Let’s take a few moments to review some of the dangers pertaining to carbon monoxide and steps that may be taken to prevent exposure.
1. How is carbon monoxide (CO) produced?
2. What are the symptoms of CO poisoning?
3. What should I do if I suspect CO poisoning?
4. What can employees to help prevent CO poisoning?
Summary: Carbon monoxide is known as the silent killer. Take precautions, recognize the symptoms, and inform your supervisor if you suspect the presence of carbon monoxide in your vehicle or working environment.
General: Fall is the time of year when construction companies are trying to finish the small projects that were put on hold until close to the end of the construction season. These may include small patching jobs or shoulder work. These road upgrades present some unique hazards which must be recognized and for which over-the-road drivers need to make adjustments.
1. What are some of the hazards?
Summary: Our national highways are our paths to prosperity. Like our vehicles and our bodies, maintenance is required to keep everything working properly. Road/bridge construction does cause those travelling on the highways some discomfort, but we all will prosper in the end. Be safe out there!
Oratory: There are occasions when an over-the-road driver will have to operate his/her vehicle at night. Understanding the nature of the adjustments one will have to make when
driving at night is essential to the safe operations of a truck/trailer. Safety starts the minute you start your day by coming on duty and performing your equipment pre-trip inspection.
D. Hilton, VP Safety
General: Driving at night can be dangerous. Darkness hides all kinds of hazards that are easier to see during daylight hours. Therefore, if you choose to drive at night changes in driving behavior is essential to avoid becoming an accident statistic.
1. How should a driver prepare for night driving?
2. Tips for safe night driving!
3. Some specific night driving tips:
Summary: Driving at night offers some advantages to driving during daylight, such as reduced traffic. However, there are challenges that must be considered when driving at night. Adjusting one’s driving habits will be essential when opting for night time driving. Know your capabilities and the practice of safe vehicle operations will ensure that you arrive at your destination safety.
Comment: There are some indicators that commercial truck drivers do not or have not received instructions on CSA and the impact on both motor carriers and drivers holding CDLs. The below instruction sheet on CSA is not all inclusive. However, there is sufficient material to provide a general overview of the purpose of CSA and how the program operates. If you have any questions pertaining to CSA, please contact your safety representative. D. Hilton, VP Safety
General: CSA stands for Compliance, Safety, Accountability and is a program managed by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). The Goal of this program is to reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities on our nation’s highways by assessing the safety performance of motor carriers and their drivers.
1. What are the seven CSA basics?
2. Where does the data come from?
3. How are the basics scored?
Summary: Motor carriers through their policies and management of their drivers influence what the carrier’s basic scores are going to be. A careful watch over the scores will go a long way in a motor carrier having a good safety rating that benefits both the motor carrier and their drivers. Below is a little test to see how well you understand the CSA program. If you have any questions pertaining to the answers contact the company safety department.
Click HERE to TEST YOUR CSA KNOWLEDGE
General: No matter how safely a driver operates his/her commercial motor vehicle (CMV), there is always the possibility that a driver could be involved in an accident. When the unexpected occurs, it is important that a driver knows what to do and what to expect.
1. Steps to follow in the event of an accident.
A. Stop immediately.
(i) Stay calm.
(ii) Pull your vehicle as far off the road as safety possible.
B. Prevent additional accidents.
(i) Turn on the vehicle’s four-way flashers.
(ii) Set out warning devices. (Be alert when putting out your triangles)
C. Notify law enforcement (Call 911)
(i) Provide location of the accident.
(ii) Include number of vehicles and people involved, if known.
D. Check for injuries.
(i) Call for ambulance assistance if necessary.
(ii) Don’t move an injured person unless the individual is in a life-threatening situation.
E. Document the accident.
(i) Time, location, description of damage (vehicles and property)
(ii) Names and addresses of all involved parties, insurance companies, and law enforcement names, badge numbers, etc., if available.
(iii) Type, make, model, license number of all vehicles involved in the accident.
(iv) Draw a simple diagram of the accident scene.
(v) Take photos of all vehicles to include front, back, and both sides of all vehicles involved in the accident with your camera provided or your smart phone.
F. Notify your motor carrier as soon as practical, the earlier the better.
Summary: No one starts their day thinking they will be in an accident. When you are behind the wheel you must be alert at all times and always obey the rules of the road. Be courteous, do not use your hand held cell phone while driving, avoid distractions, and wear your seat belt. By practicing safe defensive driving protocol, you stand a higher probability of becoming an accident statistic.
Oratory: In 2012 there were 33,561 fatalities that resulted from all types of vehicular crashes. Many of these crashes could have been avoided if drivers would practice safe driving skills. One way to help prevent vehicular crashes is to slow down and to maintain a safe following distance. Start your day by being a defensive driving for both you and the other drivers on the road. D. Hilton, VP Safety
General: It is a known fact that driving at higher speeds increases the chance of injuring or killing someone in a vehicular accident. A greater following distance can mean the difference between life and death. A driver must do everything within their power to maintain a safe following distance at all times. The following tips will help a driver achieve a safe and manageable following distance.
Summary: A good plan for being a defensive driver is essential for remaining accident free. Make a commitment each day to “Safety” and to being on the watch for other drivers who may be operating their vehicle in an unsafe manner.
Commentary: You are finally off the traffic-congested roadway and safe at a truck stop or parking lot. Maybe or maybe not. A large percentage of truck-trailer accidents occur at truck stops. Drivers can never let their guard down when behind the wheel. Note the tips below for preventing accidents/incidents at truck stops. You can probably add a tip or two to this list that has worked for you over the years. Be Safe Out There! Dennis, Safety
General: Avoiding accidents should be the most important thing for a truck and for good reason. Trucking is a demanding profession that requires a driver to be on his “A” game when operating his/her vehicle. A large number of trucking accidents/incidents occur at truck stops which should be the safest place to park. Below are a few tips to help reduce a trucking accident/incident at a truck stop.
1. Pre-plan your route so you know you will be stopping at a location with plenty of room and one that is well lit. Choose your stops, don’t let them choose you.
2. Plan to take care of everything you need done at a truck stop when you are there the first time. Stopping to fuel, to refill your coffee, drop or scan your Trip-Pak envelope, and eat is better than stopping five times. It wastes your time (you only get paid when the wheels keeping turning) and each stop increases your risk. The old adage “Keep the right door closed as much as possible” still rings true today.
3. Never underestimate the usefulness of a rest area. Not only are they quicker with easy access but they are set up to allow trucks to pull through a parking spot versus the higher risk of backing into a spot. Statistics don’t lie….more accidents happen in truck stops than rest areas.
4. Avoid parking on the end of a row. Not only is there traffic crossing next to you but most people park on the end because they are tired and after a long day the end is the closest spot. Avoiding the end of a parking lot helps you avoid drivers who are parking when they are tired. Removing yourself from high traffic areas can only help.
5. Avoid a spot that will make you back out of it when you go to leave. Choose a spot you can either pull through (the best option) or back into (second best option).
6. Avoiding parking in a location where the trucks across from you will be required to back out of their spots. Being behind a vehicle that will be blindly backing toward you is a recipe for disaster.
7. If the truck next to you looks close, is over the line, or parked odd (for example the cab is angled to the trailer for some reason) then move on to a new spot. If you have to take that spot don’t be afraid to write down the name and DOT number on the truck. You may be glad you did when you wake up in the morning.
8. Park with your tractor and trailer straight. It reduces the area others have to hit while backing.
9. Park where there is space around you. The back of the lot will usually have more room than the front so let other drivers take the risk of all that traffic coming and going. No need to be a super Trucker when a safe and easy place is available. Think safe, not convenience.
10. Use your four-ways when pulling through the lot and backing up. People in truck stops, or even other parking lots, are usually tired or distracted. Four-ways activate peripheral vision and increase the chance of someone seeing our. And if required use your horn gently when needed to tell someone “Hey, I’m here”.
Summary: Trucking accidents are expensive to both the employer and to the driver. Always be alert and be on the watch for unsafe conditions when entering and exiting at a truck stop.
At any given daylight moment across the USA, approximately 660,000 drivers are using cell phones or manipulating electronic devices while driving. The number of people killed in distraction-related crashes decreased slightly from 3,360 in 2011 to 3,328 in 2012. This is good news, however, one fatality is one too many. For CDL drivers the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations prevents drivers from talking on their hand held cell phone while driving their commercial motor vehicle. Drivers should begin their day well prepared for the activities in which they must engaged and only talk on their cell phones when they have stopped their vehicle and are safety off the road.
Dennis Hilton, Safety
General: Truck drivers are subject to a multitude of distractions while driving. In many ways, technology has improved truck safety and efficiency. Systems such as electronic logs, GPS and dispatch can be just as distracting as talking or texting if used while operating one’s vehicle. Distracted drivers who fail to pay attention to 50% of the driving environment this behavior can lead to a serious crash.
1. Did you know:
- Dialing a number is more dangerous than talking on a cell phone, but talking last longer, so both activities are to blame for about the same number of crashes.
- A driver engaged in a phone conversation will remove their eyes from the road for more than half the duration of the call.
- Distracted driving is a key factor in at least 25% of all crashes.
- Glancing away from the roadway for only 2 seconds doubles the risk of a crash.
- Drivers using dispatch devices while driving are nearly 9 times more likely to cause an accident.
2. The following tips should be considered to avoid driving while distracted:
- Finish your calls before beginning to drive.
- Check e-mail and voicemail before starting a trip.
- Obtain directions and review likely routes prior to departure.
- Adjust vehicle controls before driving.
- Avoid eating and drinking while driving.
- Give yourself plenty of time to reach your destination.
3. Summary: As a professional driver, you are concerned about keeping your CSA score at 0 but did you know that texting and cell phone usage hold a 10 point severity weight. This means from the violation date and for the next 6 months that this violation is worth 30 points. Finally a CDL holder could face a fine of up to $2,750.00 and your company could be fined up to $11,000.00 for talking on a hand held cell phone when behind the wheel of a commercial motor vehicle. Start your driving day by being distraction free and focus your entire attention to driving and not become an accident statistic.
General: According to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) between 2001 and 2009, 1,386 people died in school transportation-related crashes. This is an average of 139 deaths per year. What is the solution to how these deaths can be reduced or eliminated. Read on for some ways to make it safer for our children and grandchildren while waiting or riding a school bus.
1. Drivers can prevent a fatal crash by being alert and drive defensively when in a school zone or approaching a bus stop. Specifics things that can be done are.
- Continually scan the road.
- Pay extra attention in school zones.
- Reduce speed as necessary
- Watch for children gathering near bus stops
- Watch for children walking in the road or on the road shoulder.
- Learn and obey school bus laws.
- EXPECT THE UNEXPECTED.
2. School bus flashing light system
- School bus yellow light:
-- Bus is preparing to stop to load or unload children.
-- Drivers must slow down and prepare to stop.
- School bus red light:
-- Indicates the bus has stopped and that children are getting of or on the
-- Drivers must stop and wait till:
--- The red light stops flashing.
--- The bus stop arm is withdrawn.
--- The bus begins to move again.
3. State laws pertaining to school bus safety:
- All states have laws in place to protect children who are boarding and
exiting school buses. Though specific laws vary from state to state,
there are standard rules that all drivers must follow:
-- Never pass a school bus when its lights are flashing and its stop arm is
extended. This means children are boarding or exiting the bus.
-- Never pass a stopped school bus on the right side, where children enter and
-- In many states a school bus driver can report to law enforcement illegally
4. Quick review:
- YELLOW FLASHING LIGHTS
-- The bus is about to stop.
-- Slow down.
-- Be ready to stop.
- RED FLASHING LIGHTS AND EXTENDED STOP ARM
-- The bus is stopped.
-- Children are entering and/or exiting the bus.
-- Stop and wait for:
--- The red lights to stop flashing.
--- The stop sign to be withdrawn.
--- The bus to start moving.
- DEFENSIVE DRIVING SKILLS
-- Continually scan the road.
-- Expect the unexpected.
-- Pay attention in school zones and at bus stops.
-- Be aware of children approaching/leaving the bus.
-- Slow down.
-- Watch for children in/near the road.
5. Summary: About 480,000 yellow school buses provide transportation service daily nationwide. There are about 26 million elementary and secondary school children that ride school buses daily within the USA. School has started in many parts of the country and/or will be starting in the next week or so. Be prepared by starting each day thinking that when I see the yellow school bus, I must go through my immediate drill action plan in the event of the unexpected.